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In return, the six-parties agree that North Korea would receive the remaining , tons of heavy-fuel oil or its equivalent pledged in the February 13 agreement.

History and Milestones

It is the second time in history that such summit-level discussions have been held. The summit concludes with a an eight-point joint declaration in which both sides agree to take steps toward reunification, ease military tensions, expand meetings of separated families, and engage in social and cultural exchanges.

November 5, A team of U. The disablement process consists of 11 agreed steps to be completed by the December 31 deadline stipulated in the October 3 agreement. December 19, Grand National Party candidate Lee Myung-bak is elected president of South Korea, ushering in the first conservative government in Seoul in 10 years. December 21, The Washington Post reports that U. According to the report, it is unclear whether the contamination originated in North Korea as a result of uranium enrichment carried out by Pyongyang, or if North Korea imported materials which were contaminated abroad and placed these materials in close proximity to the aluminum tubes.

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He added that Washington would continue to press Pyongyang for its nuclear declaration. Pyongyang indicated that it would slow down the disablement process in response to delays in the delivery of energy assistance. He informs the committee that while the tubes did not work with one of these systems, the U.

Hill also requests from Congress a limited waiver of Glenn amendment sanctions imposed on North Korea following its nuclear test in These sanctions, which prohibit the provision of non-humanitarian assistance to non-nuclear-weapon states which have detonated a nuclear weapon, prevent the National Nuclear Security Administration from carrying out work to dismantle the Yongbyon nuclear facilities. Press reports from the Yonhap News Agency and The Washington Times suggest that compromise proposals would include a formal North Korean declaration on its plutonium program, while the uranium enrichment question and the issue of proliferation would be addressed separately.

The meeting ends inconclusively. April 24, U. May 8, North Korea provides a U. The records date back to June 26, Pyongyang delivers a declaration of its nuclear programs to China, the six-party talks chair. The declaration reportedly indicates that North Korea separated a total of about 30 kilograms of plutonium, and used about 2 kilograms for its nuclear test.

Bush rescinds the application of the Trading with the Enemy Act toward Pyongyang, and notifies Congress of his intention to remove North Korea from the list of state sponsors of terrorism after 45 days, in accordance with U. June 30, President George W. Bush signs into law the Supplemental Appropriations Act of , which includes a provision allowing the president to waive sanctions on North Korea related to the Glenn Amendment imposed on Pyongyang following its nuclear test. The protocol includes provisions for access upon request for any declared or undeclared site and lists technical recording and detection measures inspectors could undertake.

July 23, The foreign ministers of the six-party talks participants meet informally on the sidelines of an Association of Southeast Asian Nations summit. Late July North Korea proposes a draft protocol to verify its nuclear activities. Diplomatic sources later tell Arms Control Today that this proposal is insufficient and it is not used as the basis for further verification negotiations.

August North Korean leader Kim Jong Il reportedly suffers a stroke, raising questions outside the country as to the status of the leadership in Pyongyang. The president does not carry out the de-listing at this time. August 13, Japan and North Korea reach an agreement on procedures for addressing the abduction issue. Pyongyang commits to complete a reinvestigation into the fate of the abducted Japanese nationals by Fall and to provide Tokyo with access to locations, documents, and interviews in North Korea to conduct its own investigation.

US Budget Deficit History

The agreement is not implemented in the agreed timeframe. August 22, Sung Kim, U. October 11, U. The agreement consists of a written joint document and verbal understandings which they say must be approved by the other four six-party talks participants. November 13, The North Korean Foreign Ministry issues a statement which denies that Pyongyang agreed to allow inspectors to carry out sampling at its nuclear facilities.

Historical Tables

Early December The United States completes the final shipment of its , tons of heavy fuel oil pledged to North Korea, bringing the total energy assistance to about , of 1 million tons. December , Six-party discussions on verification, disablement, and energy assistance in Beijing end in stalemate due to a failure to reach agreement on verification. January 13, The North Korean Foreign Ministry issues a statement insisting that verification activities for nuclear disarmament should be carried out reciprocally between North and South Korea. South Korean officials later indicate that Pyongyang demanded an exorbitant amount for the fuel and no deal was made.

Speculation about such a launch increases in the following days. March 11, North Korean authorities inform the International Maritime Organization and the International Civil Aviation Organization that they will launch a satellite launch vehicle between April March 13, South Korean Foreign Minister Yu Myung-hwan tells reporters that South Korea may need to review the possibility of formally joining the Proliferation Security Initiative in response to the upcoming North Korean rocket launch.

April 5, : North Korea launches the three-stage Unha-2 rocket, widely believed to be a modified version of its long range Taepo Dong-2 ballistic missile. Although North Korea claims the rocket placed a satellite into orbit, U. Northern Command reports that the first stage landed in the Sea of Japan, and that the remaining stages, along with the payload fell into the Pacific Ocean.

The UN Security Council convenes an emergency meeting and releases a presidential statement condemning the test as a violation of UN Security Council resolution The council also announces that it will meet to pass a new resolution dealing with the test. May 26, South Korea officially announces that it will participate in the Proliferation Security Initiative.


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The resolution intensified inspection regime to prevent proliferation to and from North Korea, calls for enhanced financial restrictions against North Korea and North Korean firms, a nearly comprehensive arms embargo on the country, and strengthened council oversight over the implementation of the resolution.

It also bars North Korea from carrying out any further missile tests. The measures included weaponizing all newly separated plutonium from the spent fuel from its Yongbyon nuclear reactor, continuing to develop a uranium enrichment capability, and responding militarily to any blockade. July 16, The UN Security Council places 10 North Korean entities linked to the countries missile and nuclear program on the list of sanctioned organizations and people.

August 10, Indian police tell reporters that they detained and inspected the North Korean ship MV Mu San but did not discover any radioactive materials. September 11, State Department spokesman P. November 9, P. December , Officials for the Obama administration hold their first senior-level meetings with the North Korean government in Pyongyang. December 12, Authorities in Thailand, acting on a tip from the United States, seize 35 tons of weapons from a North Korean plane that made an unscheduled landing in Bangkok. According to the Thai government, the plane was heading to the Middle East.

January 11, The North Korean Foreign Ministry issues a statement suggesting talks begin on replacing the ceasefire with a peace treaty. North Korea denies any involvement in the incident. May 20, South Korea makes a formal accusation against North Korea for sinking the South Korean ship the Cheonan with a torpedo attack. July 21, The United States imposes new sanctions against Pyongyang for its involvement in the sinking of the South Korean ship the Cheonan.

July 25, The United States and South Korea begin a four-day joint military exercise in the Sea of Japan as a show of force in response to the Cheonan incident. August 30, President Obama signs an executive order that increases financial restrictions against North Korea. September 15, Stephen Bosworth, U. November 12, North Korea reveals that it has constructed a 2,centrifuge uranium enrichment facility to a visiting team of North Korea specialists, including former Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Siegfried Hecker.

Pyongyang also admits for the first time that it can produce uranium hexafluoride UF6 , the feedstock for uranium enrichment, confirming long-held suspicions about the presence of such a capability. The enrichment plant is housed in the former fuel fabrication building for the graphite-moderated reactors at Yongbyon, and the LWR is being constructed at the former site of the 5 megawatt reactor's cooling tower.

November 23, North Korea fires artillery rounds at the South Korean island of Yeonpyeong, of which hit the island killing two soldiers and injuring seventeen others. Three civilians were also hurt in the attack. South Korea returned fire and scrambled combat aircraft in the area. February 16, In Senate testimony, Director of National Intelligence James Clapper says that North Korea likely has additional undeclared uranium enrichment facilities beyond the facility first revealed in November of February 28, U.

March 15, North Korea tells a visiting Russian official that it is willing to return to six-party talks and to talk about its uranium-enrichment activities.

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April 18, China proposes three-step revitalization of multilateral talks, beginning with bilateral talks between North and South Korea, followed by similar talks between the United States and North Korea, and, finally, a resumption of the six-party discussions. April 18, U. April 26, Former U. President Jimmy Carter visits Pyongyang, accompanied by three other former heads of state, in a bid to revitalize negotiations. A North Korean spokesperson rejected the precondition, stating that denuclearization was an attempt by the South to open the way for an invasion.

The vessel was believed to be carrying a shipment of missile components to Burma. The North Korean ship refused to be inspected, but voluntarily reversed course after being shadowed by the U. July , U. This marked the first high-level meeting between the United States and North Korea in nearly two years, and the United States reportedly reiterated its willingness to restart negotiations if North Korea displayed committed itself to being a constructive partner in the negotiation process.

August 24, After a meeting between Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and North Korean leader Kim Jong Il, Pyongyang says that it would be willing to observe a moratorium on the production and testing of nuclear weapons and missiles in the context of resumed talks. October , The United States and North Korea hold a round of talks in Geneva on steps to resume the six-party process.