The Houseintroduced a series of bills that address a variety of issues—from toughening law enforcement ofcybercrimes to giving the Department of Homeland Security oversight of federal informationtechnology and critical infrastructure security to lessening liability for private companies thatadopt cybersecurity best practices. The Senate is pursuing a comprehensive cybersecurity billwith several committees working to create a single vehicle for passage. Table 1 and Table 2 provide lists of major Senate and House legislation under currentconsideration in the th Congress, in order by date introduced.
The tables includes bills with committee action, floor action, or significantlegislative interest. Congressional Research Service 1 6. Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources Table 1. Title Committee s Date IntroducedS. Table 2.
- Reports (2014 onwards).
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- "Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic" by Rita Tehan.
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Title Committee s Date IntroducedH. Hearings in the th CongressThe following tables list cybersecurity hearings in the th Congress. Table 3 and Table 4contain identical content but organized differently.
Table 3 lists House hearings, arranged by date most recent first and Table 4 lists House hearings, arranged by committee. Table 5 lists Housemarkups by date, Table 6 and Table 7 contain identical content. Table 6 lists Senate hearings,arranged by date and Table 7 lists Senate hearings arranged by committee. When viewed inHTML, the document titles are active links. Congressional Research Service 2 7. Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources Table 3.
CRS-4 9. CRS-5 Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources Table 4. CRS-7 Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources Table 5. CRS-8 Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources Table 6. Strategic Command and U. CRS-9 Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources Table 7. CRS Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and ResourcesExecutive Orders and Presidential DirectivesExecutive orders are official documents through which the President of the United Statesmanages the operations of the federal government.
Presidential directives pertain to all aspects ofU. Elaine Halchin. Table 8 provides a list of executive orders and presidential directives pertaining to informationand computer security. Congressional Research Service 11 Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources Table 8. Agencies bear the These policies and minimum standards will address all agencies that operate or access classified computer networks, all users of classified computer networks including contractors and others who operate or access classified computer networks controlled by the Federal Government , and all classified information on those networks.
Among other assignments, NSD directs the CNSS to provide system security guidance for national security systems to executive departments and agencies; and submit annually to the Executive Agent an evaluation of the security status of national security systems. Communications telecommunication assets owned or leased by the federal of February 28, and changes made by E.
Note: Descriptions compiled by CRS from government websites.
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- Cybersecurity: Critical Infrastructure Authoritative Reports and Resources!
- Data Security Breaches.
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Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and ResourcesData and StatisticsThis section identifies data and statistics from government, industry, and IT security firmsregarding the current state of cybersecurity threats in the United States andinternationally. These include incident estimates, costs, and annual reports on datasecurity breaches, identity theft, cyber crime, malware, and network security.
Congressional Research Service 14 Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources Table 9. See page 4 for types of operation-shady-rat. See pp. Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and ResourcesCybersecurity GlossariesTable 10 includes links to glossaries of useful cybersecurity terms, including those related to cloud computing and cyberwarfare. Rather than periodically auditing whether an agency's systems meet the standards enumerated in FISMA at a static moment in time, agencies and their inspectors general should keep running scorecards of "cyber risk indicators" based on continual IG assessments of a federal organization's cyber vulnerabilities.
NIST announced the first step in the development of a Cybersecurity Framework,which will be a set of voluntary standards and best practices to guide industry in reducing cyber risks to the networks and computers that are vital to the nation's economy, security, and daily life. Provides detailed background information and in-depth theoretical frameworks to help the reader understand the various facets of National Cyber Security, according to different levels of public policy formulation.
Outlines a series of proposals that would enhance information sharing. The recommendations have two major components: 1 mitigation of perceived legal impediments to information sharing, and 2 incentivizing private sector information sharing by alleviating statutory and regulatory obstacles.
The report examines the current state of cyber-preparedness around the world, and is based on survey results from 80 policy-makers and cybersecurity experts in the government, business, and academic sectors from 27 countries. The countries were ranked on their state of cyber-preparedness. According to the report, "[p]ublic policy solutions must recognize the absolute importance of leveraging policy foundations that support effective global risk management, in contrast to "check-the-box" compliance approaches that can undermine security and cooperation.
The 20 critical security control measures are intended to focus agencies and large enterprises' limited resources by plugging the most common attack vectors. The Belfast event attracted international cyber security experts from leading research institutes, government bodies, and industry who gathered to discuss current cyber security threats, predict future threats and the necessary mitigation techniques, and to develop a collective strategy for next research.
The current cybersecurity crisis can be described several ways with numerous metaphors. Many compare the current crisis with the lawlessness to that of the Wild West and the out-dated tactics and race to security with the Cold War. When treated as a distressed ecosystem, the work of both national and international agencies to eradicate many infectious diseases serves as a model as how poor health can be corrected with proper resources and execution.
Before these issues are discussed, what cyberspace actually is must be identified. To help U. Part I: Summary and Recommendations; Part II: State of the Art Review a detailed description of the Internet's routing mechanisms and analysis of their robustness at the technical, economic and policy levels. This part reports on the consultation and summarizes the results. Part IV: Bibliography and Appendices. This paper proposes expanding the existing partnership within the framework of the National Infrastructure Protection Plan.t2.swirlonthru.com/7292.php
White Papers and Reports
Specifically, it makes a series of recommendations that build upon the conclusions of President Obama's Cyberspace Policy Review. From the report: "We thought then [in ] that securing cyberspace had become a critical challenge for national security, which our nation was not prepared to meet In our view, we are still not prepared. Discusses computer system security and privacy, their relationship to usability, and research at their intersection.
The two-day workshop brought together more than two dozen experts with diverse backgrounds: physicists; telecommunications executives; Silicon Valley entrepreneurs; federal law enforcement, military, homeland security, and intelligence officials; congressional staffers; and civil liberties advocates. For two days they engaged in an open-ended discussion of cyber policy as it relates to national security, under Chatham House Rules: their comments were for the public record, but they were not for attribution.
More than one in five jobs at a key cybersecurity component within the Homeland Security Department are vacant, in large part due to steep competition in recruiting and hiring qualified personnel. National Protection and Programs Directorate NPPD officials cited challenges in recruiting cyber professionals because of the length of time taken to conduct security checks to grant top-secret security clearances as well as low pay in comparison with the private sector. The federal government has begun efforts to address the security of the supply chain for commercial networks There are a variety of other approaches for addressing the potential risks posed by foreign-manufactured equipment in commercial communications networks, including those approaches taken by foreign governments Although these approaches are intended to improve supply chain security of communications networks, they may also create the potential for trade barriers, additional costs, and constraints on competition, which the federal government would have to take into account if it chose to pursue such approaches.
Until the Department of Homeland Security and its sector partners develop appropriate outcome-oriented metrics, it will be difficult to gauge the effectiveness of efforts to protect the nation's core and access communications networks and critical support components of the Internet from cyber incidents. While no cyber incidents have been reported affecting the nation's core and access networks, communications networks operators can use reporting mechanisms established by FCC and DHS to share information on outages and incidents.
Agencies have neither held entities accountable for coordinating nor assessed opportunities for further enhancing coordination to help reduce the potential for overlap and achieve efficiencies. The Departments of Justice DOJ and Homeland Security DHS , and the Office of National Drug Control Policy ONDCP --the federal agencies that oversee or provide support to the five types of field-based entities-- acknowledged that entities working together and sharing information is important, but they do not hold the entities accountable for such coordination.
Additional legislation could clarify these responsibilities.
Recommended News and Information Resources
Every two years at the start of a new Congress, GAO calls attention to agencies and program areas that are high risk due to their vulnerabilities to fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement, or are most in need of transformation. National Security Interests. GAO recommends that the White House Cybersecurity Coordinator develop an overarching federal cybersecurity strategy that includes all key elements of the desirable characteristics of a national strategy. Such a strategy would provide a more effective framework for implementing cybersecurity activities and better ensure that such activities will lead to progress in cybersecurity.